Encoding (Character Sets)
To display an HTML page correctly, a web browser must know which character set to use.
What is Character Encoding?
ASCII was the first character encoding standard (also called character set). ASCII defined 128 different alphanumeric characters that could be used on the internet: numbers (0-9), English letters (A-Z), and some special characters like ! $ + - ( ) @ .
ISO-8859-1 was the default character set for HTML 4. This character set supported 256 different character codes.
ANSI (Windows-1252) was the original Windows character set. ANSI is identical to ISO-8859-1, except that ANSI has 32 extra characters.
Because ANSI and ISO-8859-1 were so limited, HTML 4 also supported UTF-8.
UTF-8 (Unicode) covers almost all of the characters and symbols in the world.
The default character set for HTML5 is UTF-8.
The HTML charset Attribute
To display an HTML page correctly, a web browser must know the character set used in the page.
To make an HTML element behave as a grid container, you have to set the display property to grid or inline-grid.
Grid containers consist of grid items, placed inside columns and rows. 0473282975
Build responsive, mobile-first projects on the web with the world’s most popular front-end component library.
Bootstrap is an open source toolkit for developing with HTML, CSS, and JS. Quickly prototype your ideas or build your entire app with our Sass variables and mixins, responsive grid system, extensive prebuilt components, and powerful plugins built on jQuery.
Documentation and examples for showing pagination to indicate a series of related content exists across multiple pages.
Quickly manage the layout, alignment, and sizing of grid columns, navigation, components, and more with a full suite of responsive flexbox utilities. For more complex implementations, custom CSS may be necessary. 0473282975
What Is React?
It lets you compose complex UIs from small and isolated pieces of code called “components”. React has a few different kinds of components, but we’ll start with React.Component subclasses:
What is Bootstrap? Bootstrap is a free front-end framework for faster and easier web development
Bootstrap also gives you the ability to easily create responsive designs
Text/Typography Bootstrap 4 uses a default font-size of 16px, and its line-height is 1.5.
The default font-family is "Helvetica Neue", Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif.
In addition, all p elements have margin-top: 0 and margin-bottom: 1rem (16px by default).
What is Multimedia? Multimedia comes in many different formats. It can be almost anything you can hear or see,
like images, music, sound, videos, records, films, animations, and more.
Web pages often contain multimedia elements of different types and formats.
The first web browsers had support for text only, limited to a single font in a single color.
Later came browsers with support for colors, fonts, images, and multimedia!
Multimedia elements (like audio or video) are stored in media files.
The most common way to discover the type of a file, is to look at the file extension.
Multimedia files have formats and different extensions like: .wav, .mp3, .mp4, .mpg, .wmv, and .avi.
Common Video Formats
Videoformats There are many video formats out there.
The MP4, WebM, and Ogg formats are supported by HTML.
The MP4 format is recommended by YouTube.
Conditional Rendering In React, you can create distinct components that encapsulate behavior you need. Then, you can render only some of them, depending on the state of your application.
HTML Versus XHTML XHTML is a stricter, more XML-based version of HTML.
What is XHTML?
XHTML stands for EXtensible HyperText Markup Language
XHTML is a stricter, more XML-based version of HTML
XHTML is HTML defined as an XML application
XHTML is supported by all major browsers
XML is a markup language where all documents must be marked up correctly (be "well-formed").
XHTML was developed to make HTML more extensible and flexible to work with other data formats (such as XML). In addition, browsers ignore errors in HTML pages, and try to display the website even if it has some errors in the markup. So XHTML comes with a much stricter error handling