Encoding (Character Sets)
To display an HTML page correctly, a web browser must know which character set to use.
What is Character Encoding?
ASCII was the first character encoding standard (also called character set). ASCII defined 128 different alphanumeric characters that could be used on the internet: numbers (0-9), English letters (A-Z), and some special characters like ! $ + - ( ) @ .
ISO-8859-1 was the default character set for HTML 4. This character set supported 256 different character codes.
ANSI (Windows-1252) was the original Windows character set. ANSI is identical to ISO-8859-1, except that ANSI has 32 extra characters.
Because ANSI and ISO-8859-1 were so limited, HTML 4 also supported UTF-8.
UTF-8 (Unicode) covers almost all of the characters and symbols in the world.
The default character set for HTML5 is UTF-8.
The HTML charset Attribute
To display an HTML page correctly, a web browser must know the character set used in the page.
What is HTML Web Storage?
With web storage, web applications can store data locally within the user browser.
Before HTML5, application data had to be stored in cookies, included in every server request. Web storage is more secure, and large amounts of data can be stored locally, without affecting website performance.
Unlike cookies, the storage limit is far larger (at least 5MB) and information is never transferred to the server.
Web storage is per origin (per domain and protocol). All pages, from one origin, can store and access the same data. 0500343683
Easily extend form controls by adding text, buttons, or button groups on either side of textual inputs, custom selects, and custom file inputs.
Quickly and responsively toggle the display value of components and more with our display utilities. Includes support for some of the more common values, as well as some extras for controlling display when printing.
Bootstrap includes a wide range of shorthand responsive margin and padding utility classes to modify an element’s appearance. 0500343683
Guidance and suggestions for using external icon libraries with Bootstrap.
Breadcrumb Indicate the current page’s location within a navigational hierarchy that automatically adds separators via CSS.
What is Bootstrap? Bootstrap is a free front-end framework for faster and easier web development
Bootstrap also gives you the ability to easily create responsive designs
Paragraphs A paragraph always starts on a new line, and browsers automatically add some white space (a margin) before and after a paragraph.
Input group Easily extend form controls by adding text, buttons, or button groups on either side of textual inputs, custom selects, and custom file inputs.
Stretched link Make any HTML element or Bootstrap component clickable by “stretching” a nested link via CSS.